Homelessness is a growing crisis, now worse in New York than it has ever been since the Great Depression. Skyrocketing rents, stagnant wages and most of all lack of affordable housing has led to a boom in homelessness in New York City. Nearly half of New York’s citizens are on the edge of poverty; even people in employment are increasingly facing hunger as they lack an adequate living wage.
Marcus is a typical homeless, he is of African American descent, just like almost 60 percent of the homeless population in the city. About 30 percent are Latin; homelessness is a racial matter. First he lost his girlfriend, then his apartment and lastly his job. Now Marcus Moore is one of the 75,000 homeless people trying to survive on the streets of New York City.
The city-run shelters available to the homeless currently offer temporary sleeping places for over 60,000 people, over a third of them are children. However the shelters are massively overcrowded and renowned for being unsafe, with thousands of people forced to survive on the streets.
Photo reports and articles published in Maailman Kuvalehti Magazine and Yliopisto Magazine on homelessness and lack of affordable housing in New York, and also in Image blog and Mask Magazine in New York. The project is part of my doctoral dissertation and the joint research project Learning in Productive Social Movements at the university of Helsinki, headed by professor Yrjö Engeström, funded by the Academy of Finland
During the academic year 2014−2015 I worked in New York on a joint research project on homelessness, housing rights and social movements. This photo project is done in collaboration with homeless poet, housing & civil rights activist Marcus Moore.
Nonfiction books, articles, photo reports, master thesis, exhibitions, debates and awards on my work about consequences of overfishing in West Africa. Industrial overfishing, led by leading world fish markets EU and China and many times done illegally, is destroying livelihood and food security of one of the world’s poorest people.
Local fishermen and coastal communities have impoverished rapidly around West Africa. At the same time when fish stocks collapsed in Senegal in 2005, about 5000 and year later almost 32,000 West Africans fled poverty to the Canary Islands in wooden handmade boats that the fishermen couldn’t afford to use anymore with hope of a better future in Europe. Some 6000 drown on their way. Most of the migrants were from Senegal or Mauritania, the EU ’s two biggest fisheries agreement partners.
Fishing has been one of the most important livelihoods in West Africa during centuries.
Because of foreign illegal and overfishing local fish stocks started to decline rapidly in Senegal around 2000.
Most common foreign trawlers are Spanish or Chinese.
Fish is an important source of animal protein in poor countries with rapid population growth.
Boys start to work with their fathers around 12 years old.
During weekends the local fishermen gather at their ancestral home shore to fish with poor results.
Almost daily there are men fixing their nets instead of going to fishing.
The shores started to fill with empty useless fishing boats that the local fishermen couldn’t afford to use anymore.
The few pirogues going to the sea are filled with unemployed neighbors and friends helping each others.
Bassir Kadam he haven’t eaten breakfast for over 12 years because there are no incomes from the empty sea.
Fewer and fewer families could afford to put their children in school or cover medical expenses because of declined incomes.
Each fisherman has a large family to feed.
But less and less fish is being shared between more and more people.
Tuna fished in Senegalese territorial waters by French and Spanish trawlers is being transported from the industrial port of Dakar to Spain for processing.
The best quality of fish goes to EU and Asian markets.
The best quality of fish goes to EU and Asian markets.
Many local fish processing factories have had to close down in Senegal, because there isn’t enough fish.
truck and horse carriage
Women make less incomes with smaller and fewer fish on the local market.
Illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing is the major threat to marine ecosystems and threatens food security and livelihood for millions. West Africa is estimated to have the highest levels of IUU fishing in the world.
At the same time with the collapse of the local fish stocks in 2005 about 5,000 and in 2006 over 31,000 West Africans fled poverty in their wooden boats to the Canaries with a hope of better future in Europe.
Most of these migrants were from Senegal or Mauritania, the EU ’s two biggest fisheries agreement partners.
Many West African street vendors in Barcelona originally arrived in Spain abroad
in a former fishing boat via the Canary Islands.
Ali has not seen his wife and two children since he left Senegal in
2006. His daughter was born the year he left. Ali has slept in car parks and on park benches, and has been doing the “dirty work” what is typically done by migrants.
Articles and photo reports published in Spanish at Periodico Diagonal newspaper, in English and Spanish at the Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime, in English at European Centre for Development Policy Management, in Finnish at Suomen Kuvalehti magazine, Image magazine, Kehitys-Utveckling Development Communications magazine of Ministry for Foreign Affairs (MFA) of Finland, Maailman Kuvalehti Magazine, Peruste magazine, Voima magazine etc, and photography exhibition in the the Kotka Photographic Centre.
Articles and photo reports published the Development Communications of Ministry for Foreign Affairs (MFA) of Finland, Peruste Magazine and Maailman Kuvalehti magazine.
In a shadow of a former slave castle in Ghana, the night is getting darker. Suddenly there is a bright light at the sea, soon another, and finally the horizon is filled with so many lights that it gets impossible to count them. Local fishermen say those are Chinese vessels light fishing illegally, a forbidden attraction that is rapidly causing overfishing.
West Africa supports one of the worlds richest marine resources as well as highest levels of illegal fishing activities as most of the world’s poorest countries can’t afford to guard their territorial waters.
Benjamin Na, 32, has been fishing with his big brother in the Ghanaian harbor of Tema since a small boy. At night-time he can see about 20-50 Chinese trawlers often. Big trawlers push the local artisanal boats away, rob their fish and occupy their fishing waters. Many times if the local fishermen faults to get too close, the Chinese shoots them with guns and water cannons.
Many fisherman have lost their nets and incomes after Chinese trawlers destroy all in the way. Local people are being left with small and bony fish, and ever fewer unemployed Ghanaian fisherman can afford to support their families. Many wish to fight back the Chinese – only if they had money for weapons.
During spring 2014 I worked as a human rights observer in the occupied Palestinian territory of West Bank including East Jerusalem with the International EAPPI-programme coordinated locally by Finn Church Aid. Daily reporting for the UN, Red Cross and other Human Rights organization in the region.
Worked on photography, advocacy and media coverage by blogging (1 & 2 & 3), published a cover photo in Mask Magazine based in New York City, photo report in German Greenpeace Magazine and in Finnish newspaper Savon Sanomat, also gave media interviews for the Finnish newspapers Savon Sanomat and Turun Sanomat.
Organized a photography exhibition at Galleria HoiSie in Lappeenranta Finland, during June-July 2015 with media coverage in local Etelä-Saimaa (1, 2) and Vartti Etelä-Karjala newspapers.
Human Rights Observation Mission in Kazakhstan during Oct-Nov 2012 in collaboration with the Open Dialog Foundation. Visited in the former capital Almaty and in Oil-Rich Western Region in Aktau, Zhanaozen and Shetpe.
The mission was realized less than year after a decimation of local oil workers. The Kazakh authorities eliminated a long-lasting strike movement by shooting, beating, torturing, raping and harassing hundreds of people who were demanding better salaries and labour rights in a very poor region with rich natural resources. Fear, sorrow and spying police were still very strongly present in the atmosphere.
Articles & photos published in Voima magazine 16.4.013: Niinistö, älä unohda ihmisoikeuksia!, Open Dialog Foundation: Mr. President, remember about human rights!, Suomen Kuvalehti magazine 11.3.2013: Kazakstan: Media syyllinen ääriajatteluun, Suomen Kuvalehti magazine 10/2013: Kansa kuriin, Kukka Ranta & Oksana Tšelyševa, Voima magazine 2/2013: Öljyn valtakunta.
Photography Exhibition “Silenced Voices” in Fiskars, Finland as part of the group exhibition SPARK / KIPINÄ, 12 May – 15 September 2013.
PEOPLE: For the past ten years Kazakhstan has been the third fastest growing economy in the world afer China and Qatar – especially due its large-scale oil felds. There is a will to expand the economy, but economic growth is overshadowed by the forthcoming distributon of power. Since 1991, the country has been led autocratcally by a 72-year-old President Nursultan Nazarbayev who is sufering from cancer, and has gathered huge fortunes in billions of euros for his family and circle of acquaintances. Along with aging of the president the human rights situaton is intensifying at extreme, while the country has no experience of democratc and legal electons. Nazgul Bazarbaevan is an immigrant living in a suburb of the former capital Almaty, and there has been tough street batles between police and the residents. Poor people moving from rural to urban centers live constantly under threat of an evicton in a country full of corruption. Street batles took place in a corner of 60 years old Bazarbaevan’s house. “Even the birds defend their nets”, she said.
EVICTED: Nuriyash Abdrimova’s husband was involved in the strike in Zhanaozen. There were about total of 15 000 people participating in the strike movement during 2011. The ladies who organized food support for the strikers gathered at Abdrimova’s house. As a result of her politcal activites her apartment was sold to the bank without her knowledge, and now she’s fightng against the illegal evicton in court.
INVALID: A Young man in his 30s wounded in feet by police bullets and became disabled for the rest of his life. The bullet hit in a nerve in his groin, afer surgery his other leg got shorter than other. Shooting took place at night tme at 11pm when he was on his way back to home with his wife. Police started to shoot in Shetpe day afer the Zhanaozen massacre.
EXTREMIST: In November 2012 the Kazakh State Prosecuton announced all independent media members an oppositon organizatons guilty of extremism. In December, police closed the oftice of Respublika newspaper, confiscated equipment suppliers, and threatened journalists with imprisonment. Oxana Makushina is a deputy editor of the newspaper. Respublika is one of the most important voice of Kazakh oppositon, and was among the firsts to report on the situaton in Zhanaozen. When the magazine was launched about ten years ago, there was a dog without head hangin at office door, stabbed with a screwdriver with a message: “There won’t be any other time”. Next day the office was set on fire.
SORROW: Muratbek Tapbaev’s, friend and Viktor Bozhenko’s younger brother Alexandr was murdered in age of 21 in October 2012. He had become a key witness. Alexandr testfed in court during spring 2012 about police tortures that happened during several months in police cells right afer the Zhanaozen massacre. Alexandr had heard how a commandment to use violence came directly from the president. Five months later, he was murdered.
RAPE: Roza Tulekaeva, a mother of Alia Tulekaeva, 25, was one of leaders in the Zhanaozen oil workers strike movement. Roza Tulekaeva was sentenced for seven- years in prison. She was forced for a false confession by torture and rape in a police custody. The final break down occurred when police threatened to rape two young daughters of Roza. Alia presents a drawing of her mother’s hand send from prison. Rosa is calling help from internatonal Womens Rights Organizatons. In April 2013 Roza Tulekaeva went on a hunger strike.
HELPER: Many citzens around Zhanaozen and the region nearby began to help the strikers by organizing food and funding families of the strikers. Aluash Ungarova, 64, had no relatives working for oil companies, but she began actively to support the strikers in honor of men. “I could not just look at how desperate they looked like, they needed moral support and I brought it to them.”
LOSS: Shetpe is a small town in the middle of a desert, 150 kilometers to northwest from Zhanaozen. Zhanibek Tolegenov, 55, is holding a picture of his son who died by police bullets. Day afer the massacre in Zhanaozen, special force police opened fire against civilians in a train station at Shetpe. Torebek Tolegenov, 30, was a firefghter, who tried to calm the riot police to not to use weapons against civilians. Shootings lasted in from a midday till late night. Zhanibek Tolegenov got hits in his car too while he was urging to a hospital where his son died for several injuries.
HENCHMAN: In the middle of a desert and oil felds near Zhanaozen there lies a muslim graveyard, where Alexandr was buried in October 2012. The Imam who responded the graveyard was singing next to a week old grave, just a moment before he had called the secret police to come and spy the visitors.
STRIKER: During spring 2012 there were 37 striker cases on trial, of whom 13 were sentenced to imprisonment from three to seven years. Aino Daribaeva is holding a picture of her husband Kanat Zhusipaev, who is holding a six-year sentence. The family have three children, of whom the youngest is 6 months and the oldest 10 years old. Aino is also taking care of her husband’s autistic brother. There are no incomes, they lack money for food and rent. Aino is afraid of loosing their home.
Documentary Photography, articles and photo reports, debates about precariousness of the European Roma immigrants in Helsinki, between 2008 and 2012 shelter project for Roma immigrants with the Freedom of Movement network.
Exhibitions organized in the Art centre “Pushkinskaya-10″ in the Museum of Nonconformist Art(Big Hall), St. Petersburg,
RSProjectspace in Berlin, and in the Museum of Cultures in Helsinki, the Muu Gallery in Helsinki, the Kotka Photographic Centre, the Photographic Center of Southeastern Finland in Lappeenranta.
Read articles in Finnish published in Suomen Kuvalehti, Amnesty Finland and Voima magazines.
On 27th October in 2009, officials from the City of Helsinki evicted a community of Romanian Roma families, who had lived near the Metro Station Kalasatama. With nowhere to go, the families huddled under the bridge of the Metro Station, while the Real Estate Department ordered the Public Works Department to destroy the huts that the Roma families had built to protect themselves against the upcoming winter cold. Metallic stoves were left smoking along the tracks of the metro line as the chainsaw and crowbars tore down the makeshift homes.
Gypsy Camp Moves Under the Bridge photo report published in Voima magazine 20.10.2010.
“You can’t kill the need of freedom with violence”, said an activist living underground, belonging to the banned basque Youth organization Segi that is on the terrorism list by the Spanish and French Governments and the EU.
March in Irun.
March in Irun.
Banned Segi banner in Basque country.
Police watching in Irun.